UPDATE: A lot of information has emerged about the risk of blood clots. Please see this post for the latest.
Remember: This content originally featured Your Family Vaccination Immunization Alerts e-newsletter, sent March 31, 2021. You can sign up for future alerts with us website.
April 9, 2021: There is an update to this post detailing the WHO interim statement on April 7, 2021
The United States has four months of trying to vaccinate people against COVID-19. Here is what is currently known about side effects, anaphylaxis and death after COVID vaccination, as well as use of AstraZeneca’s COVID vaccines that have been discontinued in some countries.
No Death Caused by Vaccine
Public health officials have confirmed the safety of the vaccine, which is why each report of death following COVID-19 vaccination was investigated. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are 2,216 reports of death after COVID vaccination from December 14, 2020, to March 22, 2021 – but investigations report, including a review of “Death certificates, autopsies, and medical records showed no evidence that vaccination contributed to the deaths of patients. ”
If you have seen reports or posts on social media about someone dying after a COVID vaccine or a total mortality count, there is a couple of things you need to keep in mind:
- Early doses are given to elderly individuals and those with underlying medical conditions. Unfortunately, these are the same people who are likely to die from many causes unrelated to vaccines.
- The total number of reported deaths represents only about 0.0018% of COVID vaccination recipients – nowhere near case fatality ratio of COVID-19.
Anaphylaxis is rare
Reports of serious allergic reactions (known as anaphylaxis) early in the launch of the COVID vaccine have aroused many headaches and concerns among those with a history of allergies.
Here’s what you need to know:
- In response to earlier reports, public health officials expanded their recommendations and updated their clinical guidance to prevent serious reactions from occurring and better management when they do. They also dug up the data.
- Severe reactions after any vaccination are rare, and COVID-19 vaccines are excluded. Research so far has found from one million people vaccinated with COVID mRNA vaccines, are 2-5 people experience anaphylaxis.
- These reactions usually occur (within minutes or hours), so you are asked to wait 15-30 minutes after getting a COVID vaccine. If you have a serious reaction, vaccine providers should help right away.
If you are worried that you may have a serious reaction to the COVID vaccine, talk to your healthcare provider before getting vaccinated. If you have a severe reaction after vaccination, please remember to report it to V-Safe or VAERS and tell your healthcare provider about CISA, a special program designed to help providers understand rare reactions to vaccines.
WHO and Ema Still Recommend COVID-19 Vaccine by AstraZeneca Despite Reforms of Blood Clots
Some countries have stopped using AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine (which has not yet been approved by the United States) as they investigate reports of blood loss in some people who have received the vaccine. Some things to keep in mind:
- The European Medicines Agency (EMA) found there were 25 reports of blood clots in nearly 20 million doses (~ 0.0001% of people who received the vaccine).
- Many things can cause blood clots – including COVID-19, so it is possible that the reports may be random and unrelated to the vaccine.
- According to the EMA, the number of reports is “less than [would be] expected by the majority of the population, “and how bad COVID-19 can be, the benefits of the vaccine outweigh the risks – a point the WHO resounded in his own statement the next day.
- However, both unions say the issue needs to be studied more, especially among young people where there are still concerns over a potential link.
Changes: In their interim statement on April 7, WHO announced that their COVID-19 subcomm Committee (GACVS) reviewed the latest information from the European Medicines Agency, Medicines of the United Kingdom and other Health Regulate Agency (MHRA) products, and other Members States. They say:
- Consistent with current information, a causal relationship between the vaccine and the breakdown of blood with small platelets is considered plausible but not confirmed. Specialist studies are needed to fully understand the potential relationship between vaccination and possible risk factors.
- As for, the events studied are even more remarkable, with a short number reported among the nearly 200 million individuals who have received AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine worldwide.
- The WHO GACVS subcommite will continue to collect and review additional data.
- WHO is closely monitoring the launch of all COVID-19 vaccines and will continue to work closely with countries to manage potential risks, and use science and data to drive response and recommendations. In many vaccination campaigns, it is normal for countries to be aware of possible adverse events following vaccination. This does not mean that the events are related to the vaccination itself, but they should be checked to ensure that any safety problems are resolved promptly.
AstraZeneca is expected to apply for an emergency use permit (EUA) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the coming weeks, and when, Anthony Fauci said, “You can be confident that the FDA will take good care of every aspect of this data.”
Side Effects Reported by the U.S. Today Far Tracking Expectations
Surveillance of the safety of COVID vaccines has shown that some people have discomfort after being vaccinated. While it is effects can be a little distracting, they usually go After a few days – and actually a sign that your body is responding to the vaccine.
Here’s how you might feel after getting a COVID vaccine:
- Pain, redness or swelling in the arm where you got the vaccine
- I’m tired
- Muscle pain or body aches
- Fever or chills
There have been several reports of people having a red, itchy, swollen, or painful rash where they got their first shot of COVID. These rashes, also known as “COVID arms” can start a few days to more than a week after the first dose of the vaccine and are sometimes numerous. If you experience a “COVID arm” after taking the first COVID shot, you still need to take the second COVID shot at the recommended time.
For more information on side effects and what can help you manage them, see our COVID-19 Vaccine Q&A page on the Vaccine Your Family website.
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